Civil Conversations Take Away : Extra Credit

Oyster English

Watching the Spaceship Media presentation call “How to have a civil conversation on tough topics” gave me some helpful tips about civil dialog. Many of us have been in situations, out of the blue, a conversation can have you on the defense. I didn’t see that coming. I am using one tip to repeat what was said to me and ask the person if you want to go forward with this conversation. Ask them why? Now the key is to listen to what they have to say. Please give them your full attention. On the other hand, I can learn from their story things that I would have never thought about before. “Never judge a man until you have walked a mile in his moccasins link”.(Native American Proverb)

Moby Geek

Be kind. We are not here to save the world. We are not always right. Listen to others and show kindness, even if you disagree. We all have our own beliefs that we cling to for our reasons. Arguing your point will not make their belief change. Facts don’t change minds. But your kindness can. 

When I was in high school, a classmate came up to me at lunch, and we began to talk. She got real ticked off midway through the conversation and started saying negative things about African Americans. I continued to listen to her and let her finish venting. I quietly told her I am African American. Her face flushed with red, and her mouth dropped open. She began to cry. She told me she did not know I was African American, or she would have never said those things. I told her I did not think she would say those things either, or I probably would not have started a conversation with her. 

But I saw she needed to vent. So I listened. I told her I disagree with what she said, and she sounds like she has never been around people of color herself. She admitted that it was true. But mostly, she was so stunned that I was calm and kind to her. After that encounter, she would ask me advice about race-related questions, and over time we actually became friends. Civil conversations don’t mean we will have the answer, but it allows us to build relationships and hear each other’s views.

Tell the truth. “Where there is no regard for the truth, there is no safe society.”( McKay) If you don’t know the truth convey; this is your opinion. Use wisdom when speaking. Try not to talk just to hear your voice. Choose your words carefully before you speak. Don’t demean others to make your point. Be courteous and respectful in all conversations.

Family conversations about politics are the hardest. You can’t step away from your family or unfriend family members. When listening to family members, try to understand where they are coming from and build peace instead of being right. Building peace communicates deeper than facts; it shows the individual that I still accept you as you are despite not agreeing with you.

Heritage Foundation

Our country America is a big experiment. We have a melting pot of ethnicities, races, religions, and genders, together with different views and life experiences. We all can’t be right, and we all can’t be wrong. We just are different, like a patchwork quilt. Learning to have a dialog with a civil conversation will be one of the most significant accomplishments we can achieve for helping relationships, communities, and society.

Reference:

McKay, Brett&Kate. November 14, 2017. 12 rules for civil conversation. Get Action AOM. Retrieved December 1, 2020https://www.artofmanliness.com/articles/12-rules-civil-conversation/

My First Wikipedia Draft: Daily Sun News

ISSUU

The anticipation of writing for Wikipedia was giving me anxiety. Wikipedia is viewed worldwide and monitored for accuracy. At first, I found the challenge overwhelming whenever I would think about it. Thankfully my professor and partners from Wikipedia made helpful step by step videos which is on You Tube to help hold my hand through the process. Here is my journey of making my first draft article for a newspaper with no historical account for Wikipedia.

WikiEdu

The Editing Wikipedia Online Training modules were very informative and broke everything down into sections. First, I enrolled in the course. I completed the assigned exercise modules. I used the Dashboard with a timeline for each week—the essentials, evaluating articles, editing, adding images, and peer reviews. My favorite thing was learning about my space “Sandbox.”The format was to learn from start to finish how to write an article for Wikipedia. Another element I learned was the Wiki markup. It’s like a new language to me. Making my signature from four tildes (~~~~) and sending messages to Wikipedian editors on the talk pages was terrific. I recommend anyone who has never written, edited or is making a listing for Wikipedia to train. It is excellent.

WikiEdu

Picking a newspaper – “News on Wiki” listed Washington state newspapers publications that need research to create articles about preserving them in history. Or reroute the info to the newspaper, which may have gotten misplaced in the past through mergers—God Bless “News on Wiki. ” I found using their list made this endeavor less overwhelming. I felt like I had a purposeful topic to research that had very little to go on initially. I was not editing and critiquing someone else’s hard work. I picked the Daily Sun News located in Sunnyside, Wa. I felt a sense of accomplishment in finding little bits of information to add to the draft article. For example, I found dates, past owners’ names, and awards their staff members received. Wikipedia does not use first source information, so no original work or websites. It would take many hours to find the name or location of the newspaper.

News on Wiki Campaign Project to compose new articles for Washington State Newspapers

Researching-The newspaper I was investigating was the Daily Sun News in Sunnyside, Wa. I found the links with the listed newspapers very helpful—attempting this for the first time, I did not know what to expect. The first link was Wiki; the Wiki link provides the data if an article already started. This data validates the existence of the newspaper. Next, I used Mondo. Mondo Times is a bank of newspaper information. I was able to find dates and locations with this link. The Library of Congress (LOC) is the best to use for making the newspaper notable. To be in the LOC recognizes that the paper was legitimate. I also was able to find some data from the Arizona State University Library. The ASU library had ProQuest. I was able to locate data that the Daily Sun News had an event calendar for local theatre shows. The paper would have the announcement and made the tickets available for pick up at their location. The books link (google.com) I found the DSN and Sunnyside Museum collaborated and made a book A Pictorial History of Sunnyside Washington.

Pediment Group, Inc.

The Draft- Starting the draft was a little rocky for me. I missed using the search bar to type in “News on Wiki” and just began from the regular draft link. The problem with this is that the Wikipedia partners working with our class would not see my draft. Now I feel like my draft is open for the regular editors to view, and they would delete my work before I knew what I was doing. After about 8 hours of research, now comes the challenge of having a neutral perspective, no original work, reliable sources, without plagiarism or conflict of interest. The article must be fact-based; I am not writing to persuade. I am instructed to use simplistic language but have an orderly tone. A tall order, but this is what I ended up with below.

My Draft: Daily Sun News

What I learned about Wikipedia was terrific. Before this assignment, I never really thought about where the information from Wikipedia originated. I would just use the site to gather data. I find it interesting while earning my first degree at UOP. My professors frowned if I used Wikipedia for my research. Times have changed. Reading about its history and walking through the training has given me more respect for Wikipedia participants and the editors. The participants spend many hours looking for information that is spread out all over the place. They reroute, so it belongs to the correct subject of their research. The editors play a vital role too. They are the gatekeepers and make sure that the information is notable and from reliable sources.

Medium

Media Literacy- Learning digital media literacy before attempting writing for Wikipedia was so helpful. It’s a toolbox that fights misinformation. Using fact-checking sites is a tool to make sure the sources are credible. Being skeptical of information is a media literacy strategy. It requires questioning tactics, the who, what, when, and why of your research. Looking for the same subject in other sites, books, articles verifies credibility. Finding opposing views helps balance the bias. All these tools help prevent spreading misinformation in media creation.

News on Wiki Campaign

The “News on Wiki” Campaign showed me the principles of Wikipedia. It is a combination of impartial data, everyone is welcome to contribute as long as there is respect for each other, and the guidelines are in practice. The careful gatekeeping of the editors ensure data is well researched and come from reputable sources. It makes Wikipedia one of the most accurate social media sources. I feel so prevailed to have had the opportunity to contribute and participate in making history available to the world.

Climate Care – Make Wise Transportation Choices

WebMD

A simple decision to drive, ride a bike, or walk for a quick run to the neighborhood store can significantly affect our atmosphere. It may seem like one person could not make a significant change. But it can. Any significant change starts with one. One will convince others to join, and that’s where the transformation begins. In this Climate Care series, my goal is to show you that your simple environmental choices matter. I am researching ways to help my part in changing my overuse of our earth’s resources and share simple ways to do things better to bring balance.

Walking

Did you know that a simple trip to the store matters? In this link, Walking vs. driving is a no-brainer, addressing a counterintuitive idea that driving may be better than walking. The article states people will walk and burn energy, making them eat more food, which would increase food miles. But reviewing all the benefits to the environment, our safety, and our physical health, in the debate, walking is still more beneficial overall.

Green Saves Green is a Facebook regional volunteer environmental group in North Carolina that is an example of using social media, bringing people together about the benefits of walking to help the environment. They work with friends, neighbors, and local decision-makers to create the infrastructure to make their area have easy access for walking. Having crosswalks, sidewalks, and bike paths will make their area pedestrian-friendly and encourage walking.

The Boston Globe

Here are six environmental benefits of walking . It reduces car emissions. “It has been calculated that completing five trips of 2km a week on foot instead of a car can decrease the number of emissions by 86kg a year.” (Lowa) If one more person walked instead of driving each day, the greenhouse gases would decrease for our atmosphere.

-Walking is sustainable. Over time pollution from cars damages buildings, nature, and our health. 

-Autos cause wear and tear on our roads, bridges, and infrastructure.

-Walking makes our communities quieter, less noise pollution. 

-Walking is cost free transportation, no fuel cost, no car payment, no insurance. 

-Walking is resourceful use of space; no more need for parking spaces.

-Reduces anxiety from driving in traffic and fewer car-related accidents.

Cycling

MPR News

In Europe, they are beginning to see the effects of not driving everywhere. Many European citizens cycle more than drive their cars. In my two years in Germany, I rode my bike around Muenster. In the rain, sleet, snow, and sunshine. The whole time I was there, I never missed driving my car. Riding my bike around town, I was able to see more things, breathe clean air, meet more people, and parking was never an issue. Cycling across town was more adventurous than driving on the autobahn.

Broken Sidewalk

How did Europeans make this transformation? They started with awareness. Then made laws. Now their emissions are down. The air quality in Europe is the envy of most developed countries of the world. One of their ideas they are working on is in The Netherlands they are paying people to cycle. What an excellent concept. Employees and companies are being rewarded with cycling tax credits to encourage more bike riding. The government is trying to get companies to provide better facilities for the commuting cyclist, like providing showers at the office. 

Biking for the Environment

Share America has a youtube video showcasing the Washington Area Bicyclist Association. Their bike ambassadors are sharing why they have chosen to cycle instead of using other means of transportation. Their concern for the environment is number one. They are educating and encouraging others by cycling through DC for all of their transportation needs.

Ridesharing

Confessions of the Profession

Another alternative is to use ridesharing as a transportation option. Several companies, Uber, Lyft, and Ride Yellow, are just a few Southern California’s rideshare companies. The popularity of ridesharing has gone global. In China, I used Didi, a Chinese transportation network company based in Beijing, to get around town. 

Twitter earth rideshare dialog talks about ridesharing for environmental reasons. We have choices to use electric cars over cars with gas emissions. We now have drivers of Tesla cars working with rideshare companies driving with no emissions. Facebook’s Earth Rides share many options of electric mobility and how they offer five doller rides. Social media platforms conversations allow us to share this information to help save our atmosphere.

In conclusion, some simple steps to help lower the number of emissions released in the atmosphere are walking, cycling, and rideshare for your local transportation needs. The Europeans have figured this out and running with it. It starts with awareness and finding solutions and applying them to our everyday lives, and making them our habits. I try to drive as my last resort for local errands. Sharing these tips on social media with family, friends, and others will continue to persuade individuals to make wise transportation choices that care for the climate possible.

References: Six Environmental Benefits of Walking.LOWA simple more. Retrieved November 19, 2020https://www.lowa.co.uk/lovelowa/74-six-environmental-benefits-of-walking

Climate Care – Buying Local Foods Helps the Environment

UCS blog-union of concerned scientists

It would probably surprise you that changing a decision about where you buy your food can help the environment, our health, and local jobs. In this Climate Care series, there are ways to reduce global warming. I am examining ways to help do my part to change my overuse of our earth’s resources and share simple ways to do better and bring about a balance.

FarmScape Ecology Program

Did you know that the fruits and vegetables we Americans buy travels thousands of miles before it reaches grocery stores? “An apple can travel as far as New Zealand to California, but what is so strange is that you can purchase the same apple near San Francisco, California.” (CUESA). Why is this? The belief is that long-distance food trade (food miles) allows everyone to buy at the lowest cost. Unfortunately, farming communities suffer as a result of freer agricultural goods trade. “The New Farm Bill favors factory farms, giant supermarkets, and long-distance trade, and subsidized fossil fuels. “(Barrett)

ECO Watch

What does the long-distance trade do for our atmosphere? Transporting produce 1,555 miles vs. 77 miles use fossil fuels that create CO2 emissions and greenhouse gases that heat our climates temperatures. If we had no other option but to get food from places far away, that would be understandable, but we have local farms. Using Farmers Markets, which use local farms produce, would eliminate the waste of long-distance food traveling.

alexmat 46-Fotolia.com

Long-distance food requires “produce” to be picked green before ripe and then artificially ripened before it reaches the stores. Many of the natural nutrients will never develop in that un-natural process. Genetically modifying fruits and vegetables are like preserving a peach without packaging; it’s not much different than a can of processed peaches. Using Farmers Markets that work with local farmers eliminates chemically ripened produce. It’s a healthier option for people to eat better quality produce and require less fossil fuel consumption.

visit.freiburg.de/en/media/events/farmers-market-cathedral-square-freiburg

As I shared with you in my previous blog about Recycling Symbols, I shared what I had observed while living in Germany. The Germans buy almost everything from their local community. Produce is sold in an open-air kiosk along the street and at the farmers market, so the food is fresh, chemical-free, and they support their local farmers. Since most of their packaging is biodegradable, people shop for groceries daily anyway.

Now I support and shop at local farmer markets, and I love it. The fruits and vegetables taste amazing, and the prices are not that much different than the grocery store. While shopping, I met with KB, a Farmers Market Manager here in Los Angeles. I want to share with you his interview about the process of managing the local farmers’ markets and the benefit it brings to the community.

Interview with KB a Farmers Market Manger
NCOA.org

I hope this blog has given you the information needed to consider changing your current shopping routine and supporting local farms by shopping at your local farmers’ markets (Huff Post). If you don’t know where to find one, look online for the local farmers market near you. Remember, this is another way to reduce greenhouse gases, save jobs, and eat healthy while caring for the climate.

Reference:

Barrett, Mike. (December 17, 2013) How far does your food travel? 4 reasons to choose local. Natural Society. Retrieved, November 12, 2020https://naturalsociety.com/how-far-food-travel-food-miles-1500-average/

How far does your food travel to get to your plate?CUESA cultivating a healthy food system. Retrieved November 13,2020https://cuesa.org/learn/how-far-does-your-food-travel-get-your-plate

Climate Care – Reducing and Recycling My Trash

Go Graph

A few years ago, I had the opportunity to live in Germany for a couple of years, and the experience changed my life. I will never forget arriving there and just being in awe of how clean and beautiful everything appeared. I literally saw the same sparkle stars on all the buildings that are seen in children’s cartoons. As I became acclimated and learned more about the culture, I found out every person took responsibility for the environment in their daily life activities. The Government and citizens are working together, and their recycling system works. One of the practices that they have made into a science is recycling. 

Caring by properly recycling

I will bet you that no one recycles like a German citizen. Every corner in the city has multiple recycling containers color coded and labeled with instructions on properly recycling paper, plastic, and glass waste. As an out of towner, I mixed my recycling item into the wrong canister from ignorance of their system. Within minutes, a native German would remove the item from the wrong container and show me the correct receptacle. I never felt that they were criticizing me; they were educating me. Now I want to help educate my fellow Americans of simple ways we can recycle. I want to start by explaining the Recycling Symbols or Resin ID Codes video.

recycling symbols or resin ID codes

It discusses how to separate plastic items from the plastic things that have toxic chemicals that can not have recycling curbside pickup. A website Earth911 has a search for recycling solutions by item type and your zip code to direct people to drop off the non-curbside recycling items (Recycling symbols #3,#6, #7). 

Natural Home Products

Caring by reducing trash

Another of their practices is reducing waste in the first place. Their ideas were simple, allowing everyone to do them including myself. Why keep producing new items like plastic grocery bags when using a reusable cloth bag can be used repeatedly. It’s like the concept lets us not reinvent the wheel; we have the wheel, so let’s use it. Here are some examples of reducing your trash you can try.

-Making a coffee run to a coffee shop, bringing your mug, and using your cup will use less paper and help save trees.

-Carry a reusable water bottle. Plastic bottles are an environmental nightmare because of recycling mismanagement and the over-use of them.

-Use tap water and filter it with a Brita if you like. I have saved about $15.00 a week since I did this. It is so easy, and I don’t have to have all the plastic bottles in my recycling bin.

– Use reusable grocery bags instead of using paper and plastic bags from the stores.

Vasiliy Ptitsyn/ Shutterstock

I hope seeing this Vlog has inspired you to become more mindful of how to recycle plastics properly and to reduce trash in the first place. Many of the world’s creatures recycle by turning dead plants and animals back into usable nutrients for foliage and mammals. Moreover, people are responsible for changing trash back into reusable elements. We all need to get with nature’s program. It has worked for thousands of years. Unfortunately, human waste management is not.

Climate Care – Doing My Part to Clean the Air

Clear Skies

In our world today, everything is fast-paced and convenient. It’s the NOW generation, everything at our fingertips. But what are the consequences, and what will suffer? The environment. Memories of my childhood growing up in Los Angeles in the ’70s were severe smog problems. I remember how my chest would ache after track practice because of the emissions I was breathing. But today, strict regulations reduced the smog and brought back the clear skies. I had the opportunity to live in China two years ago and experienced first hand the high amounts of pollution in the air and feeling the pain in my chest while trying to breathe. I had to use an air quality index (AQI) to measure the pollution levels before leaving the house. If the levels were high, I wore a face mask to filter my breathing. You can view the AQI chart in this link.

The experience caused me to want to do my part to help the problem and learn better ways to clean the air. The obvious ways are to purchase energy-efficient cars, installing solar panels on your home, choosing a green career, and writing politicians to change legislation regarding emissions polluting our air quality. But I wanted to share some simple steps that everyone could do, including myself, right away. If I practice these steps enough, they will become my habit.

Caring for Nature 

I am planting a tree. Trees help remove excessive carbon (the greenhouse gas) from the air. Each avocado that I eat has a seed. I plant the seeds in small pots and grow them to sprout; then I find suitable locations to plant them. I like to think of myself as a modern-day Johnny Appleseed. I know not everyone can plant trees, but you can buy a plant. Many house plants help filter the air in your home. If space is limited, you can have a small herb like basil on your kitchen window sill and add the leaves to your meals. Tend and care for them; in return, you will have living air filters and better quality air.

Growing Avocados to plant

Caring by Reducing Carbon Footprint-

Finding alternatives for transportation, power sources, and what I eat. Listed below are a few suggestions.

-Use LED (Light-Emitting Diodes) can reduce power consumption by eighty percent or CFL (Compact Fluorescent Lights), which use twenty-five percent less energy but offer the same light. Eco-friendly light bulbs outlast incandescent bulbs by ten times.

Save energy by adjusting your thermostat  on hot days and use fans because they use less power. When it’s cold, use blankets, and wear sweaters to stay warm.

-Unplug any gadgets that are left on, like computers, play stations, small appliances with digital clocks. These all use power even when it is off. The benefits of using a surge protector with an on/off switch to help not to leave them all on.

-Walk or ride a bike for short trips; a two-mile car trip generates two pounds of CO2 into the atmosphere.  

-Once COVID-19 is over, avoid fast food drive-up windows and walk inside. Don’t keep the car engine running, polluting the air.

Grow a garden to help the environment. It helps reduce pollution, noise, erosion, energy cost, and cleans groundwater. If space is limited, a window garden with fresh herbs is a start.

I hope sharing these simple steps encourages you to make some changes to ensure that climate care is all of our responsibility. The goal is to have balance not to change human progress.The steps seem small, but each one of us will create ripples in the pond. Our friends, family members, and colleagues will notice our actions, and soon they and people around the world will be joining us to care for our climate.

Understanding Security and Privacy changed my approach to the Internet

IBTimes India

Before I enrolled as a media studies major here at ASU, I was not very active with the Internet or social media. I would not even use Facebook because I read my information is shared with others for advertising purposes. The more I used the Internet, the more my personal information would be tracked and available to everyone. I felt that my privacy would no longer be mine so that I would opt out of everything. 

I worked for over twenty years in the banking industry, and the two factors that were the number one priority were our clients’ accounts security and privacy. Phishing and impersonations of other companies and services; are called social engineering; they were the culprits. Data thieves use links, emails, phone calls to breach security. Advising clients to be suspicious and skeptical when using social media and the Internet; you never know who is trying to fool you into giving your information away. But witnessing clients’ issues with hackers and identity theft, I did not want to experience their horror stories. The method of my digital media security was NOT to use it.

I don’t trust most of the information that I read on the Internet, even if it states it for my protection. I believe hidden agendas or tracking technologies like web cookies collect info from browsing and use them in stalker ads, contest applications, and discount coupons, so I avoid them. The lack of regulations and transparency allow these practices to continue. (the crunch) The reading about Security and Privacy in this class validates how vulnerable I am to become a victim of losing my personal information. 

Arizona State University

After taking a digital media literacy class, I became braver. I started a Facebook page, but no Twitter or Instagram yet. But reading the articles and listening to the lectures has helped educate me; there are ways to protect myself while using the Internet. I am changing my approach from fearing the Internet by educating myself on how to protect my data. I am researching and finding out how to secure my information by finding articles that explain how it’s done. That way, I can use the Internet with confidence, insured protection, and understanding.

guides to brucejmack

Geeks for Geeks

It seems encryption is an excellent place to start setting up for security and privacy protection. Encrypt data while it’s moving from one device to another. End-to-end encryption means no one can eavesdrop or listen in; it’s much more robust security than the transport layer encryption. Encrypt data on devices. Full disk encryption protects from physical break-ins, and the information stored on your device is protected using passwords or login methods. Encrypt data while on devices, and while it’s in transit, transport-layer encryption protects the message in transition.

Fossbytes

Next, Cleaning reviews apps and site permissions pages for services like Google and Facebook to ensure which apps access your private information. It is surprising to see how many are permitted. It’s a good practice to check this throughout the year. Update software is a critical security routine. “The software has vulnerabilities that the developers find out about later, so updating the software patches the openings that hackers use to get into your system.”(Gillmor) I am using the data from the Verge link, which shows how to set up (2FA) on my Facebook and macOS. The two-factor authorizations, (2FA) can use text, email, or an authenticator app to prevent your account from being used by unauthorized individuals. The process is using a second device to authenticate the user as an added protection layer.

Don’t ever use public wifi unless you use a VPN. The VPN is a private virtual network that is not open to others; therefore, it shields your data. When browsing the web using a VPN, your computer connects with an encrypted connection to websites with a secure connection. This prevents hackers from seeing your information or what you are currently viewing. Backing up my files is something that I will be doing now. I had a Windows laptop for years, but I never knew there was a built-in backup. I recently got a Mac with a Time Machine; I will not make the same mistake and not know how to use that feature. Losing your information is just as bad as it is becoming compromised, in my opinion. I need to have protection for social engineering – I need to install firewalls, anti-virus, and email filters. Take advantage of anti-phisher features offered by web browsers and use multi-factor authentications. This will help prevent phishing and other intrusions on my private data.

I still am leery about using the Internet, but educating myself through the digital media literacy class has given me information to protect my data. I have found out that I don’t have to know everything, but now I know more definitions and social media terms to look for and find out more about them. When researching security and privacy, a good practice is to fact-check privacy and security sources.

 

References:

Gillmor, Dan. (October 12, 2013) Protecting yourself online isn’t as easy as it used to be, but it can be done. Retrieved October 7, 2020 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/oct/12/software-updates-increase-security-cybercrime

A letter to my Niece: How to be Safe and Honorable in Today’s Media Ecosystem – Extra Credit

iconfinder

How to stay safe and protected on the Internet starts with cleaning, believe it or not. No matter what we do in this world, we will have to clean up something. Growing up, I had to clean my room, go through clothes and stuff, and throw it out or give it away. The Internet is no different. Cleaning up your dashboard and filing documents away is necessary to maintain space on your computer, tablet, and smartphone. We also have to clean up our app and site permissions for security purposes. The information and technology are changing so fast that your permissions need to protect your info.

Having a two-factor authentication  helps protect your online accounts from being compromised. A password is becoming easier to hack on its own. Having the second-factor pin code sent to your phone makes it harder to break into your account. It’s like wearing rubber gloves on your hands, and a mask on your face during COVID-19, its double protection.

Interact-Net

Using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) on public wifi is a good idea. Using public wifi can open a can of worms that allow viruses and cause security breaches on your device. I have used VPN’s before; there is an annual fee for the service, but the added protection is worth the price. Backing up your files is a must. Losing your information is the worst feeling ever. Windows has built-in tools, and Mac’s have the time machine; both devices are invaluable. 

Watch out for Phishing and impersonations of other companies and services; this is called social engineering. Data thieves use links, emails, phone calls to breach security. Be suspicious and skeptical when using social media and the Internet; you never know who is trying to fool you into giving your information away.

Brussels Talking

How to honorably participate in social media begins with learning media literacy. “It is the ability to identify different types of media and understand the message that is being sent. There are text messages, memes, viral videos, social media, video games, advertising, and more.” (Common Sense Media) Understand that reason. Think critically. Question why.

Reynolds Journalism Institute

Use Fact-checkers on the information that you find on social media. Is this fact or someone’s opinion? Try to get your information from reputable news sources. Are there multiple stories about the subject? Use the same practices when you are posting information on the web. Make sure what you are sharing is accurate. 

Overall, when communicating on Social Media, be civil, courteous, and respectful. Be clear about what you are posting; leave no room for misinterpretation. The information that you post can follow you for a long time. So be wise and selective about the data you choose to post.

References:

Common Sense Media.News and media literacy. Retrieved Oct. 5, 2020 https://www.commonsensemedia.org/news-and-media-literacy/what-is-media-literacy-and-why-is-it-important

Copyright Law and Media

Copyright Laws concern Social Media – In today’s social media world, the professional, personal, and political information is spreading like wildfires, so where does that put Copyright laws? A copyright is a federal law that protects the authorship of a creation. In this digital and social media world, much data is shared and used professionally and privately. Having the exclusive rights to copy, distribute, and collect things to create content for videos, music, and images digitally will help the practice abide by copyright laws. In 2020 there are still unclear situations about these laws because our technology moves faster than the rules can adjust around them.

The Balance Career

What are Copyrights and its Importance with Digital Media? Posting one’s creations makes ownership automatic. What is the need for the Copyright? A Copyright is a security method floored by the U.S. Constitution and allowed by law for original works, both published and unpublished authorship. “Copyright protects a form of intellectual property law, protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture.” (U.S.Copyright) “A Trademark protects words, phrases, symbols, or designs identifying the source of one party’s goods or services and distinguishing them from those of others.” (U.S.Copyright) The moment your work is created, and in a material form, your work is under copyright protection, but if you register, you can bring a lawsuit for infringement if needed. Your work will have a public record and a certification of registration. Educating students and myself to Copyright or Trademark original work protects us all.

Bonamark

How to Protect Yourself from using Material Collected from the Internet? The way to get permission from another individual’s works is to contact them straight away. If you are uncertain who the owner is, you may contact the Copyright Office to search the record or search for yourself. “Under the Fair Use doctrine  of the U.S. copyright statute, it is permissible to use limited portions of a work including quotes, for purposes such as commentary, criticism, news reporting, and scholarly reports.” (U.S.Copyright) If you use copyrighted material without permission, the owner could bring an infringement action upon you.

Working to Educate Copyright Importance – Social media is not always managing Intellectual Property, throwing it into confusion. “Many orphaned works are content whose owners can’t be identified. The works are moved along and used—republishing the orphan work without liability if the authorship is not located.” (Manishin) I am working with an organization that is developing ways to better educate students about Intellectual Property and the significance of copyrights and trademarks. The program works with school teachers and the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to cover the creators’ ideas to remain protected with integrity. USPTO Why this is so important, young kids, teens, and people, in general, create ideas and works that are orphaned that get gleaned from social media and digital platforms daily—allowing enterprises to benefit from these IPs and the creator is left with nothing. Not even the recognition of the work. 

How I will Modify the way I use Social Media– Educating everyone about using Copyright or Trademark protects everyone from orphaned works and keeps innovation alive. Learning about the importance of copyrighting your work has been very enlightening and informative. It has made me more aware of checking my social media resources to ensure that I have permission to use work before using a portion of it in a project that I would be working to put together. With technology changing so quickly, having your work registered relieves a lot of pressure. Asking permission to use others’ works keeps us respectful, and it’s the right thing to do.

References:

U.S. Copyright Office. Copyright in General Retrieved October 2, 2020, https://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/faq-general.html

Manishin, Glenn. (August 9, 2013) Social Media and Copyright Law In Conflict. Retrieved October 3, 2020, https://www.project-disco.org/intellectual-property/080913-social-media-and-copyright-law-in-conflict/

U.S. Copyright Office. More information on Fair Use. Retrieved October 3, 2020, https://copyright.gov/fair-use/more-info.html